Apologetics: Jesus Christ

Son of God

We believe that Jesus Christ is true God and true man, having been conceived of the Holy Spirit and born of the virgin Mary. He died on the cross a sacrifice for our sins according to the Scriptures. Further, he arose bodily from the dead, ascended to heaven, where at the right hand of God the Father, He is now our High Priest and Advocate.

– Beatty Community Church
Statement of Faith

How do we know Jesus is fully God?

John 1:1-14 says that the Word, Jesus, was God. Jesus made many claims to be God during His ministry years on earth. His claims were not that He was another god, but that He was the God (John 12:45, 8:56-59, 10:30-33). His claims were backed-up by His works (the signs He did), the Old Testament scriptures, and by God Himself ( John 8:32-46).

Jesus is eternal (John 8:58), all-powerful (John 5:21, Colossians 1:15-16), everywhere-present ( Matthew 18:20, 28:20), all-knowing ( John 16:30), was sinless (2 Corinthians 5:21), and accepted worship (Matthew 28:17). The Bible also directly calls Jesus God (John 1:1, 12:45, 1 Timothy 3:16, Colossians 2:9, 2 Peter 1:1, Titus 2:13, Hebrews 1:6-9, 1 John 5:20, Revelation 1:8, 22:12-16, Romans 8:9, Philippians 2:5-7).

Jesus’ birth was miraculous. He was conceived of the Holy Spirit ( Luke 1:35) and born of the virgin Mary, the wife of Joseph.

How do we know Jesus is fully man?

Jesus had a body of flesh (1 Timothy 3:16, Hebrews 2:14, 1 John 4:2, 2 John 1:7), was born of a woman (Galatians 4:4), ate (Matthew 9:11), hungered and thirsted (Luke 4:1-2), felt-pain ( Matthew 15:34, Luke 22:44), was tempted (Luke 4:1-13, Hebrews 4:15), became weary (John 4:6), suffered (Luke 22:44) and died on a cross (Romans 5:6).

Notes on some of Jesus’ names:

Jesus (Greek Iesous) is the Greek form of the Hebrew name Joshua, Yeshua, or Hoshea, which means “Help of Yahweh” or “Yahweh is salvation”.

Christ (Greek Christos) is Greek for the Hebrew word Messiah, which means Anointed One. In Old Testament times, priests and kings were anointed as a sign of official appointment to office and as a symbol of God’s power on them. Jesus is the Anointed One (Acts 10:38), the Messiah foretold in the Old Testament. This refers to His office as Prophet (Isaiah 61:1, Luke 4:16-21, 24:19), Priest (Hebrews 4:4), and King (Revelation 19:16).

Jesus is called the Son of God (Luke 22:70-71, Matthew 16:16-17). This means He is of the same nature as God. He is God.

Jesus is called Son of Man (John 5:26-27). This emphasizes His human nature.

Jesus is called Lord (Greek kurios) in John 13:13. While this word can refer to anyone of a higher rank, when applied to Jesus it refers to His deity. The common translation of the Old Testament in Jesus’ day was the Greek Septuagint, which translated the name of God as Lord (Adonay). The writers of the New Testament clearly were referring to Jesus’ deity when they called Him Lord (Deuteronomy 10:17, Revelation 17:14, John 20:28). In the earliest New Testament manuscripts, whenever Jesus’ name or His title “Lord” was written, it was abbreviated (i.e. JS or LD), just like the name of God was in the Old Testament (YHWH). The writers did this to make it clear that they thought Jesus was God. These abbreviations are known in scholarly circles as “holy names”.

General References to Jesus’ Deity

Some scriptural basis for the deity of Jesus are not so obvious without a study of both the Old and New Testaments. While most of these use cross-referencing of passages between the Old and New Testaments, some use only the Old Testament to show that Jesus is God.

King & Lord: Who is Lord of lords?

The Law says that God is the Lord of all. Jesus is Lord of all, so Jesus is God (Deuteronomy 10:14-17, Revelation 17:14, Acts 2:36, Revelation 19:11-16, Daniel 2:47).

King & Lord: Every knee shall bow and every tongue confess to who?

Everyone will worship Yahweh / Jesus (Isaiah 45:21-24, Philippians 2:10-11).

King & Lord: Who shall be king over all the earth?

Yahweh / Jesus will be king over all the earth (Zechariah 14:9, Daniel 7:13-14, Matthew 25:31-34, Revelation 11:15, 1 Timothy 1:17).

Here is a prophecy of a descendant of David who is called YAHWEH OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS. Jesus is that descendant (Jeremiah 23:5-6, Isaiah 11:1-5, 1 Corinthians 1:30).

King & Lord: Who is the only Savior?

The Old Testament says that God is the only God and Savior, Every knee will bow to Him. In Him are righteousness and strength. Compare with what the New Testament says about Jesus. Yahweh / Jesus the only savior ( Hosea 13:4, Isaiah 43:11, Hosea 1:7, Isaiah 45:15,21-22, John 4:42, Titus 2:13, Titus 3:4-6, 2 Peter 1:1).

King & Lord: In whom is our righteousness?

Our righteousness is in Yahweh / Jesus (Isaiah 45:24-25, 54:17, 1 Corinthians 1:30)

King & Lord: In what name is salvation?

Salvation is in the name of Yahweh / Jesus (Joel 2:32, Acts 4:10-12, 1 Corinthians 1:2, Titus 1:3,4).

The name Jesus (Jesu) is the Greek form of Joshua or “Yeshua” which means ‘Help of Yahweh’ or ‘Yahweh is Savior’.

King & Lord: Who is above all?

Yahweh / Jesus above all (Psalms 97:9, Romans 9:5, Acts 10:36, John 3:31, 6:38, 8:23) In the John 3:31 verse, John the Baptist is speaking of Jesus.

Glory: Whose glory did Isaiah see?

Isaiah sees the glory of Jesus (Isaiah 6:1-5, John 12:41 “his” refers to Jesus – see verse 36.)

The glory of God and the glory of Jesus (Isaiah 42:8, 48:11, John 17:1,5, Matthew 16:27).

Glory: Who is the Lord of glory?

Yahweh / Jesus, the Lord of glory (Psalms 24:7-10, Mark 11:7-11, 1 Corinthians 2:8, James 2:1).

Glory: Who shall be our light in the end?

Yahweh / Jesus the Light (Isaiah 60:19-20, John 8:12, Revelation 21:23).

Holy / Righteous One: Who is the holy and righteous one?

Yahweh / Jesus the only holy and righteous one (1 Samuel 2:2, Acts 3:13-15).

Shepherd: Who is the Shepherd of the sheep?

Yahweh / Jesus, the Shepherd of the sheep, to come with reward ( Isaiah 40:10-11, Revelation 22:12-13, 1 Peter 5:4, Psalms 23:1, 80:1, Ezekiel 34:23, John 10:11, Hebrews 13:20).

Birth Prophecies: The way is being prepared for whom?

John the Baptist prepared the way for Jesus. John said so himself. In the Old Testament, the prophecy shows John preparing the way for Yahweh God (Isaiah 40:3, Malachi 3:1, Matthew 3:3, Mark 1:2-3, Mark 1:7-8, Luke 3:4, John 1:29-34).

In the familiar prophecy of the naming of Jesus, Jesus is called Immanuel (“God With Us”) (Isaiah 7:14, Genesis 3:15, Jeremiah 31:22, Matthew 1:23).

In this prophecy of Jesus’ birth, Jesus is called God (Isaiah 9:6, Psalms 72:18).

Birth Prophecies: Who comes in the spirit to the temple?

Jesus comes in the Spirit to the temple (Malachi 3:1, Luke 2:27-32).

Redeemer / Savior: Who redeems God’s people?

God Himself will redeem Israel from all of their sins and the Messiah will suffer and pay the price for our sins. So the Messiah is God ( Isaiah 52:13-53:12, Psalms 22:1-31, Psalms 130:3-4,7-8, Acts 20:28, Revelation 5:9). When someone redeems another, he pays from what is his.

Truth and Life: Who is the truth and life?

Yahweh / Jesus, the Truth and the Life (Deuteronomy 30:20, Jeremiah 10:10, John 14:6, Colossians 3:4, 1 John 5:11-12, Revelation 3:7).

To Be Trusted In: Who is a Rock causing men to stumble and be offended?

The New Testament terminology that calls Jesus a Rock that causes men to stumble and an offence and a snare, is originally used in the Old Testament of God (Psalms 18:2, Isaiah 8:11-15, 1 Peter 2:4-8, Isaiah 44:6-8, 1 Corinthians 10:4, Ephesians 2:20).

To Be Trusted In: In whom are we to trust?

Those who call on God will not be ashamed (God will not let them down) (Isaiah 28:16, Isaiah 49:23, Jeremiah 17:5,7, Joel 2:27, John 3:36, Romans 10:9-13, 1 Peter 3:15).

Source Of Strength: Who gives us strength?

The Lord God and Jesus give strength to the weak (Isaiah 40:28-29, Philippians 4:13).

Sanctifies: Who makes us holy?

The Lord God and Jesus sanctify us (Jude 1, Hebrews 2:11).

Unchanging: Who never changes?

Yahweh / Jesus unchanging (Malachi 3:6, Psalms 102:27, James 1:17, Hebrews 1:12, Hebrews 13:8, Exodus 3:14, John 8:58). “I Am” signifies eternal timeless existence.

Inspiration: Who speaks through people?

Both God the Father and Jesus Christ speak through people (Hebrews 1:1, 2 Corinthians 13:3).

Indwelling

God the Father and Jesus Christ dwell in believers (Ephesians 2:22, Colossians 1:27).

Last Days: Who will stand on the earth in the last days and be seen by all men?

In Acts, after Jesus ascended back into heaven from the Mount of Olives, an angel appeared saying that Jesus would come back in the same way. The Old Testament states the same thing, saying that that person will be Yahweh God (Zechariah 14:3-5, Job 19:25-27, Acts 1:11, Matthew 25:31, Matthew 24:30, Mark 13:26, Luke 21:27, Zechariah 12:10, Revelation 1:7).

Last Days: Who shall judge our works?

God / Jesus to judge every work, good or evil (Ecclesiastes 12:14, 1 Corinthians 4:5, 2 Corinthians 5:10, 2 Timothy 4:1, Psalm 62:12, Matthew 16:27).

Last Days: Who shall judge the nations?

Yahweh / Jesus to judge the nations (Joel 3:12, John 5:27, Matthew 25:31-34).

General New Testament claims

What does the New Testament claim about Jesus’ deity?

Tempting Jesus is tempting God (Luke 4:9-12, 1 Corinthians 10:9, Numbers 21:5-7).

John states that Jesus (the Word) is THE God (John 1:1-2,14).

Jesus is the visible form of God, manifested in the flesh (John 1:18, 12:45, 14:8-9, 1 Timothy 3:16).

Jesus is to be honored as God (John 5:23).

Thomas’ confession (John 20:28).

What God/Jesus has done (Luke 8:38-39).

God’s fullness is in Jesus. Every attribute of God is found in Jesus ( Colossians 1:19, 2:9).

Jesus is equal with God (Philippians 2:5-7). That he emptied himself to become a man shows His preexistence.

Jesus, the Savior God (2 Peter 1:1, Titus 1:3, Titus 2:13).

Jesus, God’s Son is called God (Hebrews 1:6,8-9).

Jesus is the true God (1 John 5:20).

God/Jesus is called First and Last, Alpha and Omega, the Almighty ( Isaiah 41:4, 44:6, 48:12-16, Revelation 1:8,17, 2:8, 21:6-7, 22:12-16). In the Isaiah 48:12-16 passage, the One who is the first and last, who laid the foundation of the earth, has been sent by Yahweh and the Holy Spirit. A clear reference to Jesus in the Old Testament.

Jesus is God (John 4:13-14, Revelation 21:6-7, Ephesians 5:5, Romans 9:5).

God’s Spirit and Jesus’ Spirit are the same (Acts 16:6-7,10, Romans 8:9, 2 Corinthians 3:3, Ephesians 3:14-17, Philippians 1:19, 1 Peter 1:11).

God and Jesus are the Head (Ephesians 1:10, 4:15, Colossians 1:18, 2:10).

Jesus gives us the right to become God’s children (John 1:12).

Eternal life comes from Jesus (John 10:28).

Jesus’ own claims

What did Jesus claim about Himself? He claimed to be equal with God ( John 10:30-33, 12:45, 16:15, 14:8-9, 5:16-24, 8:24,28,56-59, 18:5-8, Exodus 3:14, Isaiah 48:12,16)

In John 10:30-33, if the Jews misunderstood Jesus’ claim, why didn’t Jesus correct them? The truth is Jesus never corrected or rebuked someone for calling him God.

The word “he” after “I am” in 8:24, 8:28, 18:5 and 18:8 does not appear in the Greek, showing this to be the same type of claim as in verses 56-58. This is in reference to the Exodus and Isaiah passages where God declares His name to Moses, ‘I AM THAT I AM’, which is the meaning of Yahweh. As in John 8:58, there is an indistinction between the present and the past, indicating timeless (eternal) existence.

Jesus claimed to be the Messiah (John 4:25-26).

He also claimed to be the only way to God (John 14:6).

Claims to be able to send prophets and God’s Spirit (Matthew 23:34, John 20:22). Prophets are only sent by God. (2 Peter 1:20-21, John 15:26, 16:7).

Jesus called Himself the Bread of Life (John 6:35,48,51), the Light of the world (John 8:12, 9:5, 12:46), not of this world ( John 6:38, 8:23, 8:42), the Gate of the sheep (John 10:7,9), the Good Shepherd ( John 10:11,14), the Son of God (John 10:36-37), the Resurrection and the Life (John 11:25), Lord (John 13:13), the Way, Truth, and Life (John 14:6), the Vine (John 15:1-5), King (John 18:37), and the Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end ( Revelation 1:8, 17, 21:6, 22:13-16).

Jesus is sinless

The following references show that unlike us, Jesus did not sin.

Jesus was righteous (Isaiah 53:9,11).

Jesus was innocent (Matthew 27:3-4).

Jesus was spotless (1 Peter 1:19, Hebrews 7:26, 9:14).

Jesus was sinless (Luke 23:41, John 8:42,46, 2 Corinthians 5:21, 1 Peter 2:22, 1 John 3:5, Hebrews 4:15).

Jesus was and is to be worshipped

The scriptures say that only God is to be worshipped. Jesus even said so Himself (Exodus 34:14, Matthew 4:10, Luke 4:8).

Righteous men and angels refused to be worshiped (Revelation 19:10, Acts 14:11-15).

If Jesus knew this, why did He allow others to worship Him? ( Matthew 2:2, 11, 9:18, 14:33, 15:25, 20:20, 28:9, 17-19, Mark 3:11, 5:6, Luke 5:8, 24:52, John 9:38).

It can only be if Jesus is God. The Bible also says everyone will worship Him in the future (Nehemiah 9:6, Philippians 2:10-11, Hebrews 1:6, Psalms 148:2, Revelation 5:11-14).

Jesus wants us to honor Him in the same way as the Father (John 5:23).

Jesus was prayed to (Acts 1:21,24, 7:59).

Jesus is omnipotent (all powerful)

Omnipotence means all-powerful. This is an attribute that only God has. Jesus is God because He is omnipotent (1 Samuel 2:6, Matthew 8:3, 8:16, 10:1, 12:13, 12:28-29, 28:18, Luke 5:17, John 5:21, 10:17-18, 28, 11:25, 17:1-2, 1 Corinthians 1:24, Philippians 3:20-21, Colossians 1:15-19, 1 Timothy 6:13-16, Hebrews 1:2-3, Revelation 1:8, 22:12-16). (The word “power”, in some translations in Matthew 28:18, refers to Jesus’ authority.)

The miracles of Jesus are signs of His omnipotence (John 2:1-11, 6:5-15, 19-21, 11:38-44, Luke 7:18-23, Psalms 146:5-8, Isaiah 29:18-19, 10:20-21, Matthew 8:23-27, Mark 4:35-5:1, Psalms 107:23-32, 89:8-9, Matthew 9:25, Luke 7:14-15, Mark 5:11-15, Luke 4:38-41, John 5:19, Matthew 21:19, John 5:36, 10:25, 38, 20:30-31). References such as Luke 7:18-23, show divine attributes (i.e. creator, source of life, sovereignty, etc) which would be a sign to those who knew the scriptures.)

Jesus is omnipresent (present everywhere)

Omnipresent means everywhere-present. God is everywhere (not to be confused with God is everything). Jesus is God because He is omnipresent ( Matthew 18:20, 28:17-20, Ephesians 1:20-23, Jeremiah 23:24).

Jesus is omniscient (all knowing)

Omniscient means all-knowing. Jesus is God because He is all-knowing ( Matthew 16:21, 24:25, John 12:33, 13:1, Matthew 26:46, Luke 22:10-13, John 1:43-50, 2:24-25, 2 Chronicles 6:30, John 4:16-19,29, 6:64-66, 16:30, 21:17, Acts 1:21,24, Colossians 2:2-3, Revelation 2:18, 23, Matthew 11:27, Luke 6:8, 11:17).

Jesus is preexistent (eternal)

Preexistence means existing before anything was created; eternal. Jesus is preexistent (Isaiah 9:6, Micah 5:2, Job 19:25, John 1:1,15,29-30, 8:56-58, 17:5, 17:24, Philippians 2:5-7, Colossians 1:13-17, Hebrews 1:2-3, 1 John 1:1-2, Revelation 1:4-8, 17, 2:8, 22:12-16, 1 Peter 1:11).

Jesus did not originate through the human line of Adam but came from heaven (John 3:13,31, 6:62, 17:5, 1 Corinthians 15:47).

Since Jesus is the physical form of God, and no one has seen God except the Son, those appearances of God in physical form in the Old Testament are the pre-incarnate Jesus (John 1:18).

Theophanies (Old Testament appearances of Jesus)

Theophanies are pre-incarnate appearances of Jesus Christ in the Old Testament.

No one can see God and live (Exodus 33:20, 1 Timothy 6:16).

Therefore, the appearances of God in the Old Testament must be of Jesus. A theophany often takes the form of the Angel of Yahweh ( Galatians 4:14).

Abraham’s three visitors (Genesis 18:1-19:2). Abraham saw what appear to be three men. Two were angels (vs. 19:1), the other was Yahweh. While Lot calls the two angels “lords”, Abraham ignores them and speaks only to God, calling him “Lord”.

Appeared to Hagar (Genesis 16:7-13).

Appears to Jacob (Genesis 28:12-14, 32:24-30).

Moses sees the back of God (Exodus 33:18-23, Numbers 12:4-8).

Moses, Aaron, and 72 others see God (Exodus 24:9-11).

Joshua worships (Joshua 5:14).

Gideon’s Angel (Judges 6:21-23).

Appears to Manoah and his wife (Judges 13:18-22, Isaiah 9:6, Psalms 72:18).

Isaiah’s vision (Isaiah 6:1-5, John 12:41). In the John verse, “his” refers to Jesus – see verse 36.

In the fiery furnace (Daniel 3:25).

In Malachi, in a prophecy of Jesus, He is called the messenger or Angel of the Covenant (Malachi 3:1). In the Hebrew, the word translated “angel” is the same word as “messenger”.

Jesus forgives sins

Only the person offended can forgive. Sins are against God. Jesus can forgive sin because He is God (Jeremiah 31:34, Acts 5:31, Matthew 9:2-8, Mark 2:5-12, Luke 7:47-50, Colossians 3:13).

Jesus’ Death & Resurrection

His death & resurrection was prophesied

God’s “Holy One” not to decay in the grave (Psalms 16:10, Acts 2:23-32).

The Messiah to have a grave with the wicked, but will prolong his days afterwards (Isaiah 53:9-12).

The Anointed One (Messiah) to be “cut off”. If the Messiah is to reign forever, then He must be resurrected (Daniel 9:26).

Jesus foretells his own death and resurrection (Matthew 16:21, 20:19, 26:32, Mark 9:9, John 2:19).

His death was necessary

The following passages show that sin separates us from God and results in death (Psalms 66:18, Proverbs 11:19, Isaiah 59:2, Ezekiel 18:4, Romans 5:12, 6:23, James 1:15).

Jesus died to pay the penalty for our sin. His death was a guilt offering. He died in our place (Isaiah 53:5,8,10-12).

While we were helpless, He died to save us from God’s wrath ( Romans 5:6-9).

He died so that we might be redeemed (bought back) (Revelation 5:9).

He died and rose so that He would be the Lord of both the dead and the living (Romans 14:9).

He died so that we should live for Him (2 Corinthians 5:15).

He died so that we could be reconciled to God (Colossians 1:21-22).

The fact of His death

Jesus’ death was on a cross, not a ‘torture stake’ (John 20:25). Plural nails indicates arms were separated.

The death of Jesus (Matthew 27:50, Mark 15:37, Luke 23:46, John 19:30).

Jesus’ death was real, not a swoon (John 19:33-34).

Jesus was heavily wrapped in linen with spices (John 19:39-40).

His resurrection was necessary

He died and rose so that He would be the Lord of both the dead and the living (Romans 14:9).

The resurrection is key to our salvation and eternal life (1 Corinthians 15:12-23, 1 Thessalonians 4:13-14, Psalms 16:10, John 14:19).

Jesus rose so that He would be an everlasting high priest (Hebrews 7:22-25, Psalms 110:4).

Jesus Christ is to reign forever (John 12:34, Daniel 7:13-14, Luke 1:33, Hebrews 1:8, Revelation 11:15).

Because Jesus rose, we who trust in Him will also rise (John 11:25, 14:19).

The fact of His resurrection

Jesus’ resurrection was physical – bodily (Matthew 28:6, Mark 16:6, Luke 24:6, 39).

If Jesus’ body was not raised, then where did it go? It wasn’t in the tomb (Luke 24:1-3, John 20:1-9).

Jesus was seen by over five hundred people at one time after the resurrection (1 Corinthians 15:5-8, Acts 1:3).

Messianic Prophecies

The Messiah’s lineage

Messiah (Hebrew) = Christ (Greek) = Anointed One (English)

The first messianic prophecy occurs in the garden of Eden just after the fall. God refers to the seed (singular) of the woman that will crush the head of the serpent (Genesis 3:15, Matthew 1:18-25, Luke 1:26-38).

God promises Abraham that all nations of the earth will be blessed through him (Genesis 22:18, Matthew 1:1, Luke 3:34, Galatians 3:7,14-29)

God promises that this blessing will come through Isaac, the son of Abraham (Genesis 17:19,21, 21:12, Matthew 1:2, Luke 3:34).

God promises that this blessing will come through Jacob (Israel), the son of Isaac (Genesis 28:12-14, Matthew 1:2, Luke 3:34).

Balaam’s prophecy of the Star from Jacob (Numbers 24:17, Revelation 22:16).

When Jacob blesses his sons, he says that the rulers of Israel will come through Judah (Genesis 49:8, Revelation 5:5).

Isaiah prophesied that the Messiah will come from the line of Jesse, David’s father, and will be called a Branch (Isaiah 11:1-5, Matthew 1:6)

God promises David that Israel’s rulers will come through his son, Solomon (2 Samuel 7:12-16, Matthew 1:6).

Jeconiah’s line, descended from Solomon, will be cut off. The Messiah cannot come through Jeconiah. The Messiah comes from the root (“stump”) in Isaiah (Jeremiah 22:28-30, Isaiah 11:1-5). Because the line of the kings is cut off, Jesus human lineage comes out of the main stem of Jesse, from the roots. It is not a continuation of an existing ‘twig’.

The Messiah’s birth

The Messiah is to be born of a virgin, of a woman with whom a man has not had sexual relations. If “virgin” meant just a young woman, what would make this unusual enough to call it a sign? (Isaiah 7:14, Matthew 1:18-25, Luke 1:26-38).

The Messiah will come from Bethlehem (Micah 5:2, Luke 2:1-7, Matthew 2:1-6).

The Messiah will be preceded by a messenger (Isaiah 40:3, Malachi 3:1, Matthew 3:11-12, Mark 1:1-8, Luke 1:17, 1:76). The messenger was John the Baptist.

The Messiah’s nature

This passage refers to the Son of God (Proverbs 30:4, Matthew 3:13-17, 17:1-5, Mark 1:9-11, Luke 3:21-22).

Daniel prophecies the worship of a future ruler of Israel. The ruler to be God (Daniel 7:13-14, Matthew 24:30, Micah 4:7, Zechariah 14:9).

The Branch is called Yahweh (Jeremiah 23:5-6, Isaiah 11:1-5, 1 Corinthians 1:30).

Moses’ prophecy of a Prophet from God (Deuteronomy 18:18, 34:10, John 8:26, 28, 12:50, 14:10). God spoke the words in Deuteronomy 18:18 to Moses. But what other prophet in Israel was like Moses?

David refers to two Lords (Psalms 110:1, Luke 22:69, Acts 7:55).

The Messiah will be a priest in the order of Melchizedek (not of the line of Levi) (Psalms 110:1-4, Hebrews 5:1-10, 7:1-8:13).

The Messiah’s (Anointed One) body will not decay in the grave ( Psalms 16:10).

God’s Son will rule the earth (Psalms 2:1-12).

God will stand on the earth and will be seen by the world (Job 19:25-27, Zechariah 14:4, Isaiah 52:8, Acts 1:11).

The Messiah is pre-existent – was never created (Micah 5:2).

The Messiah’s purpose

The Messiah will die (be cut off) for others (Daniel 9:24-26, Matthew 16:21, 27:50, Mark 8:31, 15:37, Luke 18:31-33, 23:46, John 12:23-36, 19:30)

The Messiah will suffer and pay the price for our sins (Isaiah 52:13-53:12, Psalms 22:1-31).

A new covenant will be made with Israel, unlike the old one ( Jeremiah 31:31-34).

God Himself will redeem Israel from all of their sins (Psalms 130:3-4, 130:7-8).

The Messiah to bring back Judah and Israel and bring salvation to the world (Isaiah 49:1-13, John 1:1-9, 8:12, Isaiah 50:4-10, John 1:1-9, John 8:12). ‘Israel’ in Isaiah 49:3 refers to a person who represents Israel. It does not refer to the nation of Israel because the person Yahweh is talking to is going to restore Israel – verse 6. ‘Nation’ – singular – in verse 7 refers to Judah/Israel which still despises Jesus the Messiah. The next chapter shows the Messiah being despised…

General Messianic Prophecy References

The land of Galilee to be honored. (Jesus lived and ministered in Galilee.) (Isaiah 9:1-7, Genesis 22:18, Matthew 2:22-23, Luke 2:39).

God was pierced (Zechariah 12:10, John 19:34-37).

Joshua the son of Josedech was symbolic of the Branch. (Joshua – Yeshua – is the Hebrew name from which the Greek name Jesus is derived from.) The Branch to be a ruler-priest (Zechariah 3:8, 6:11-13).

The price that God was valued at (Zechariah 11:12-13, Matthew 26:15, Matthew 27:3-10).

The Messiah comes riding on a colt (Zechariah 9:9-10, Matthew 21:1-11, Mark 11:1-11, Luke 19:28-40, John 12:12-16).

The bones of the Messiah will not be broken (Psalms 34:19-20, John 19:33-36).

He was called out of Egypt (Hosea 11:1, Matthew 2:13-15).


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